Osmanthus is one of the 10 famous flowers in China.Small Butter-Yellow flowers of this delightful legendary plant fill the air with a rare perfume that surrounds you and penetrates deep into your heart, bringing a touch of floral mystery.
symbol of Love and Romance, Osmanthus was used in old wedding customs in
Taiwan, when the bride prepared Sweet Osmanthus and Pomegranate pot plants
and carried them to her new family. The fragrant plant symbolized True Love
and Faithfulness and the fruit tree - Fertility and Peace, and the custom
had the meaning of "giving birth to noble children" and "many children and
Aroma of the Chinese Culture
The word osmanthus is derived from Greek osma, meaning
"fragrant", and anthos, meaning "flower".
Osmanthus was introduced to Europe in the middle of 19th century by a French
botanist Jean Marie Delavay(1834 - 1895). During his tour in China, Delavay
had described over 4000 species of plants, 1500 of which were unknown
before. Osmanthus was one of those plants.
Osmanthus fragrans is associated with a number of
Lunar legends in China, which makes it symbolic at the time of the Chinese
Moon Festival. It is held in September under the symbol of Osmanthus Flower
and also called Osmanthus Festival. During the nights of the peak season for the
flower, Chinese families used to gather in their yards to eat mooncakes,
while the grandmother of the family told traditional stories about the Moon,
the sweet Osmanthus and the figures of Chinese legends.
According to those legends, there live on the Moon the Fairy Chang E, a
Giant named Wu Gang, a Jade Rabbit which is Chang E's pet, and the huge
The legend of the Moon Palace says that in ancient times the Jade
Emperor held ceremonies to offer sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the
moon in autumn. During a midautumn evening, while he was enjoying the
moonlight, a magic Taoist priest named Luo invited him to visit the Moon
Palace. Luo threw his stick into the air, and immediately a silver bridge
from the heavens stretched before them. Across the bridge, there was a
magnificent palace. A plaque above the gate read "Guanghangong (Vast and
Cold Palace)". By the gate stood a tall, sweet-scented Osmanthus tree and a
Jade Rabbit set under the tree mixing a medicine for eternal life. Hundreds
of beautifully dressed dancers surrounded them accompanied by melodious
music and entertaining the Emperor with delicious cakes shaped like the full
moon. Upon returning to the earth, the Emperor ordered cakes modeled after
The Legend of Wu Gang and Osmonth. Giant Wu Gang made a serious
mistake driven mad with jealousy, and was sentensed by the Jade Emperor to
the Moon, to the Palace Guanghangong to chop down the huge immortal Sweet
Osmanthus growing in the front of the Palace. Cutting down 1500 ft tall tree
turned out into a painful and endless task. This tree has magical power and
the cut immediately recovers every time. The endless chopping and then
recovering goes on for thousands of years and the tree still grows, heavily
sheltering the palace beside. The most endearing character in this tale was
also the Rabbit, who pounded the elixir of immortality with a pestle and
mortar underneath the tree. It is this elixir that helps the tree
The Legend of the Moon Lady. It was said that Jade Emperor had
rewarded master archer Hou Yi with the elixir of life - a sweetly perfumed
magic pill. His wife, beautiful Chang E, decided to abandon her husband, she
took that pill while he was asleep and gained ability to fly. She flew all
the way to the Moon. This, according to the legend, led to exile in a chilly
Moon Palace, where she was condemned to a life of solitude. It is said Chang
E can be seen roaming the Moon alone. A beautiful fragrant Osmanthus tree in
front of the Palace reminds her about her lost love keeping Chang E in deep
regret and sorrow. The Jade Rabbit that already lived on the Moon became her
pet, and Chang E commanded the animal to take pestle and mortar and pound a
magic pill so that she returns to Earth back to her husband. Since the
rabbit is very busy with producing elixir of immortality for the Osmanthus
tree, she seem to be still waiting for her order to be filled...
Osmanthus fragrans is evergreen tree or shrub with a moderate
growth rate, plants grow in China for thousands of years. It has glossy dark green leaves
with toothed edges and Butter-Yellow flowers usually hidden by foliage, with a
strong fragrance that can be smelled from a distance. There is a famous
city called GuiLin which means "fragrant forest", referring to the large
number of fragrant Osmanthus trees located in the city. Its scenery is
reputed by many Chinese to be the "finest under heaven".
There are over 20 types and cultivars of the Sweet Osmanthus: Apricot Gold,
Silver-White, Four Seasons (creamy-white flowers),Dan(red flowers), and others, with their colors varying between yellow,
white and reddish. The Apricot Gold
Osmanthus starts blooming in September-October which continues one week, The variety "Four Seasons"
blooms on and off year round and has up to 4 blooming activity periods,
hence the name of the variety.
Osmanthus fragrans is valued for its delicate fruity-floral aroma.
The flower (know as Gui Hua) is used in perfumery and foods, such as sweet osmanthus wine,
tea, sugar, juices, cakes and sauces.
Osmanthus is especially valued as an additive for tea and other beverages in
the Far East. The Chinese discovered that the Osmanthus can be used to
enhance the natural fruitiness of some of their finest green and black teas.
The fresh flowers of osmanthus are sometimes mixed in with partially
fermented green tea to produce a lovely aromatic tea.
Uncle Feng's Osmanthus Wine(know as GuihuaJiu),produced from rice-wine and flavored with sweet osmanthus
flowers. It is distilled, but typically has an alcohol content less than
45%.The wine is
traditionally consumed during the Mid-Autumn Festival(a harvest festival
celebrated by ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese people), light yellow,a sweet tasting and
with a strong fragrance that can be smelled from a distance.
Product Origin: Yangshuo China
Brand Name: Uncle Feng
Supply Ability: 10tons/year
Details: It is made from well-chosen flowers in bud, and adopting
traditional technology to brewing. Clear, transparent,
rich, mellow, aromatic, long after taste.
How wine is made: An illustrated guide to the
winemaking process, by Uncle Feng
Osmanthus starts blooming in September-October,Not ripe enough, or too ripe,
and the wine will suffer. The Osmanthus as they are harvested contain the
potential of the wine: you can make a bad wine from good Osmanthus, but not
a good wine from bad Osmanthus.
Teams of pickers head into the gardens. This is the exciting time of year,
and all winegrowers hope for good weather conditions during harvest. Bad
weather can ruin things completely.
step2:Clean the flowers and mix sugar
The jar with this mix should be sealed for a few weeks, and then used for
step3: Infunde rice-wine,soaking
after half-year,Rice wine aging and become osmanthus wine.
step5: Decant the mix wine
The wine with colors varying from pale yellow to yellow.
The dried flowers are also used in other sweet dishes such as sauces, lotus
seed soup and steamed pears.
Chinese Moon Cakes. Every Chinese holiday is accompanied by some sort
of special food. Moon Cakes are eaten on Chinese New Year which is based on
the Lunar calendar (and the little treats look like the moon). They are also
eaten as part of an autumn, harvest type celebration which falls on the 15th
day of the 8th lunar month. On the Moon Festival, people eat moon cakes, a
kind of cookie with fillings. Sweet fillings are made of sugar, Walnuts,
sesame, osmanthus flowers,sweetened tangerine peel, bean
paste, or jujube paste. The surface of the food is patterned with clouds,
the moon, the rabbit. Some cakes will be sent to absent ones or saved at
home for them.
Osmanthus fragrans flowers are widely used in
Chinese medicine. There are many medical products made out of sweet osmanthus buds, leaves and bark. They are said to protect against coughs and
used to flavor other medicines, and in cosmetics for the hair and skin.
An essential oil obtained from the
flowers is used as an insect repellent for clothes. They are also added to
herbal medicines in order to disguise obnoxious flavors.